The increasing share of renewables within the electricity mix, as well as rapidly aging grids, highlight vulnerabilities within our energy system. This section explores changes within the electricity and gas markets, as well as the impact of hydrogen on the energy landscape. Finally, we review some of the recent events which demonstrate potential supply and reliability issues, as well as the rapid changes that must be made to ensure an affordable, secure, safe, and sustainable energy future for all.

The chapter will cover the following areas:

Europe electricity adequacy of supply Europe gas adequacy of supply North America adequacy of supply Southeast Asia adequacy of supply Australia adequacy of supply Trends in electrical and gas networks